Since we are talking about Horsehair Nematomorpha Human Diagnosis we must know if or when this infection can happen to humans and as we all already know how dangerous nematomorpha which is commonly known as a horsehair worm, Gordian worm or Snakeworm can be for its hosts.
Although they do and can infect human host but mainly horsehair nematomorpha are harmless to vertebrates (69,963 species) and since humans are vertebrate a horsehair nematomorpha worm can cause mush damage even after the infection happens.
Fact: Horsehair worms can only paralyze insects (Invertebrates) with a long lifespan.
Some of the Species a Horsehair Worm cant Paralyze are:
Tapeworm infections occur when an egg, larvae or an adult worm is ingested by an organism through infected food or water. Parasitic tapeworms live and feast inside their host’s body mostly intestine until its life cycle is complete. Just like humans tapeworm in dogs and tapeworm in cats are also common. Sadly our beloved pets aren’t any exception.
Tapeworms in Dogs
Tapeworms in dogs are very common and Dipylidium caninum also known as the flea tapeworm is the most common parasitic worm in dogs, in order to infect a dog the tapeworm must pass through a carrier it is there flea comes into play. As the name suggests Dipylidium caninum infection occurs when the host is bitten by an infected flea thus the parasitic worm enter the body of its new host where it sticks to the small intestine of the host and most of the time can be seen near the anus of the infected animal and can reach up to 30 centimeters in length.
If tapeworm in a dog is present, to ease irritation Infected dogs can be seen dragging/rubbing their bottoms on the ground (scooting) same symptoms can be seen when tapeworms in puppies are present. If a dog showing the behavior of scooting a vet visit is recommended.
Tapeworm Treatment for Dogs
Gladly there some are simple and extremely effective treatments for tapeworms in dogs with the help of modern medications which are safe and causes almost no side effects at all. With the help of Antiparasitic drugs the parasitic worms are digested in to the intestines.
Tapeworm in cats are very common but most of the times goes unnoticed by the humans When an infected flea or a tapeworm larvae in ingested by a cat the infection happens. Tapeworms often attaches itself inside the gut of the infected cat and feeds from there they break into segments with eggs in it and are than passed through the anus of the infected animal. The infected feces can spread the parasitic worm to other animals such as cats and dogs. Infected cats can be seen licking their anus to ease irritation caused by the parasite segments passed through the feces.
Tapeworm Treatment for Cats
Just like dogs treatment for tapeworms in cats are easily available and are simple and effective with the help of suitable medication prescribed by the vet. Treatments for both cats and dogs are extremly effective if the parasitic infection is detected in its early stages.
To understand lice and head lice treatment we must first know what are head lice? also known as pediculosis capitis, are found worldwide head lice isn’t known to spread diseases, head louse or head lice are unable to fly and are mostly found crawling on the hairs of its human host, it lives near the scalp and by feeding on the blood of the infected victim many times during 24 hours. Head lice spreads by crawling on one person’s head to another
Head Lice Life Stages:
There are the following three life stages of head lice
Lice Nits ( lice egg )
Nits are oval in shape,seems like dandruff and are very hard too see and recognize due to its tiny size and lays deep at the hair shafts. Nits hatches in almost a week and are of yellowish white colors.
Nymphs comes out when the nits hatches, Nymphs looks almost the same as adult head lice and sticks to the hair shafts just like adult lice it is very quick and hides as much as possible making it very hard to catch.
Its lives for almost a month an adult lice is dark in color almost gray with 6 legs and females are a little larger than males. Living on the head of its human host head lice feeds many times in a day and are unable to survive of a day or two with out feeding on the blood of its host.
Getting Rid of Lice | Lice Treatment at Home
In order to get rid of lice wash thoroughly all items used by the infected such as combs and towels etc. with hot water don’t forget to clean floors and furniture where the lice or nits might have fallen. Or lock the item away from any possible host. Do all the above to avoid severe lice infestation. Some of the most effective live treatment options are listed below:
Lice combs and electric lice combs are some of the most effective methods to remove head lice from the head of the infected. It removes the nymphs and the lice from the hair but are unable to budge the lice eggs. There are other treatment options available as well such as lice lotion and lice shampoo which are found to be effective but exposes the hair with chemicals which can sometime have side effects.
lice shampoo are mostly safe for kids but might require prescription is another effective way to eliminate lice and other types of parasitic mites from the hair. Lice shampoos can sometime cause minor side effects such as irritation, redness of the skin where lice shampoo was applied, mild to moderate itching and other. Similar side effects. Please consult for doctor or pharmacist if you experience any of the mentioned side effects.
Kissing bug is called a kissing bug because it bites on the face of its host and there are many names given to the kissing bug but the most commonly used ones are vampire bugs and conenose bugs. It’s a member of the Triatominae family which is a sub-family Reduviidae. A kissing bug is mostly found in the region of Americas just some of the species of the kissing bug are found in Australia, Asia, and Africa, It feeds on the blood of all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata and are responsible for the Chagas disease / American trypanosomiasis.
Chagas Disease – American trypanosomiasis
Trypanosoma cruzi is the parasite responsible for the Chaga disease, what it does is it bore within the tissues of its host in order to suck on its blood. The Trypanosoma cruzi is spread mostly to humans and other hosts via the bite of a kissing bug but it can also spread through the contaminated blood transfusion, organ transplant and consuming food which contains the parasitic bug.
Chagas Disease Symptoms
There are various common symptoms of the chaga disease and it can be hard to tell the symptoms with many other diseases. Some people might experience some mild symptoms at first and the symptoms might disappear later for even years. Some of the symptoms are listed below:
Some Enlarged Glands
Loss of Appetite
Swelling or sore on the site of the bite
Some of the advanced phase symptoms are:
Difficulty passing stool
Eating becomes hard
Chaga Disease Treatment
The good news is this disease can be cured completely when treated on time. The medicines considered very effective in the treatment of the disease are benznidazole and also nifurtimox in late stages of the disease come other medicines and surgical procedures might be required in order to cure the Chaga disease.
Rat lungworm also known as Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a roundworm parasite that is spreading around the world and is one of the most common cause of inflammation of the membranes protecting the brain and spinal cord commonly known as meningitis, which is a very serious condition. Snails play an important role in the life-cycle of rat lungworm as it carries the larvae until it’s matured and ready to infect it’s next host.
Angiostrongylus Cantonensis Hosts
Mostly snails, rodents and some birds are the primary hosts of rat lungworm disease and humans are not it’s common host but can be infected through accidentally ingesting the infectious larvae through food or contaminated water. Once inside it’s host, the larvae with the help of it’s hosts blood travels to the central nervous system thus meningitis occurs causing severe damage and even death of the infected host. Infected person can not infect other people.
Life-cycle of Angiostrongylus cantonensis
When a rat consumes the infected snail/mollusc the nematode comes out with in the stomach of the host rat. Than the Angiostrongylus cantonensis 3rd stage larvae makes its way to the small intestine and burrows into the wall to enter into the blood stream of the infected rat. From blood it moves to the kidney’s and lungs and within the next 24 hours it is carried out to the spinal cord and the brain through out the process most of the larvae are lost due to the immune system of the infected host. Once the larvae reaches the brain and spinal cord undetected it is there when their feeding frenzy begins.
Angiostrongylus cantonensis Signs and Symptoms
Following are the symptoms of Angiostrongylus cantonensis:
African sleeping sickness also called African trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease of humans and many other animals, African sleeping sickness is caused by an insect thus making it an insect borne illness which is caused by a tsetse fly carrying the African trypanosomiasis parasites. The tsetse flies are commonly found in the sub-Saharan Africa especially in Democratic republic of Congo and is greatly responsible for causing African trypanosomiasis .
These flies when infected by either Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense or Trypanosoma brucei gambiense parasite becomes a part in the African sleeping sickness parasite’s lifecycle. There are many reported cases of African trypanosomiasis and mostly in rural areas caused by an infected tsetse fly bite
African Sleeping Sickness Transmission
African sleeping sickness is caused by an infected tsetse flies (big brown fly) that is a host to the parasite itself. The fly pierces the skin tissue when it bites and the parasite enters the lymphatic system and later passes into the bloodstream from there. African trypanosomiasis can also rarely occur by organ transplant, blood transfusion & from mother to unborn child during pregnancy or at the time of delivery.
Stage two: (when the parasite invades the CNS (central nervous system)
Disruption of the sleep cycle (It gave the name sleeping sickness)
African Sleeping Sickness Treatment
Treatment of African trypanosomiasis is available but is highly dependent on the stage of the illness present. Intravenous of intramuscular are used for the treatment of the disease, pentamidine for gambiense and Suramin for rhodesiense parasite.
The risk of acquiring African trypanosomiasis for travelers is quite low but be careful when living or staying in the rural areas of the sub-Saharan Africa or where there is some thick vegetation present. Visitors in the city are usually not at risk of the African sleeping sickness infection.
When we hear the phrase “a man’s best friend” what comes to most people’s mind are… You’ve guessed it! Dogs. It doesn’t matter if they are big or small these domesticated mammals are considered by most as a part of their families. Dogs were the first animal to be domesticated by humans and were bred from wolves for a long time.
Dogs have pack mentality and are famous for their loyalty that’s why dogs are used to help many humans in work and some are kept as pets my people around the world. Their lifespan depends on the breed and the size of the breed as seen smaller dogs tent to live longer than the bigger ones. Although dogs are colorblind but they have a magnificent sense of smell and can also hear a lot better than us.
Just like any other living creature there are various parasites can infect dogs such as mites, fleas, worms, and other parasitic organisms. Worms in dogs and other parasites found in dogs are listed below:
Dogs usually get infected by parasitic worms by either through air, by mouth, eating infected food such as rodents or through skin contact when the parasite or its larvae burrow through its hosts skin. Parasite larvae or/and eggs are almost always present in the infected dogs feces and can be deadly for humans as well as for younger children.
Roundworms in Dogs
Roundworms are a nematode worm which lives inside its host’s small intestine and can be found in many environments around the world. Roundworms infection in dogs occurs when a dog eats infected food or drink infected water. Roundworms are also present in the soil and can be found in the feces. Roundworms in dogs also pose a possible infection threat to the dog’s owners.
Hookworms are blood feeding parasitic worms which live in the intestine of mammals such as humans but it also infects dogs. It feeds on the blood of its host by attaching its hook like mouth in the wall of the gut and punctures the tissues in order to feed.
Whipworms in Dogs
Whipworms (Trichuris trichiura) are whip shaped parasites known to infect domestic animals such as dogs and/or cats and children. It is an infection of the large intestine and is commonly found in hot and humid climates. Whipworm infection occurs when a possible host ingests water or soil contaminated by whipworm parasite.
Heartworms in Dogs
Heartworms or dog heart worms (Dirofilaria immitis) are thread-like tiny worms that are transmitted when a mosquito carrying the parasite bites the possible host. Mosquitoes play an important role in the life cycle of dog heartworms as they carry these tiny parasites from one host to another.
Canine tapeworm infection (Dipylidium caninum) is the most commonly found parasitic infection in cats and dogs. These are intestinal worms and feeds by attaching their mouth to the wall of the small intestine just like hookworms does. The adult canine tapeworm can reach approximately 8inches in length. Dogs can only get infected by these parasites by ingesting a flea carrying canine tapeworms. Canine tapeworms depends on the fea in order to complete it’s life cycle Therefore one should make sure there are not any feas present on our canine friend.
Commonly these tapeworms are not deadly but heavy infestations can cause serious health issues if left untreated. If your dog is scooting (itching its rear on the ground) it’s time for a vet visit.
White Worms in Dog Poop
Occasionally dog owners may find small white worms in dogs poop, it is an oblivious sign the dog is infected with a parasitic worms. Worms might look white, brown or tan can be large or smaller like rice or noodle and can be segmented, it all depends on the type of worms that are present in the stool of the infected pet. Such parasitic worms can also be seen sticking near the genital area of the infected dog. Make sure to get your beloved dog checked by the vet as soon as possible and try to keep your pet flea free in order to avoid such parasitic worm’s infections. Humans can also get infected by round worms so avoid any contact with the infected dog’s feces in order to avoid getting round worms.
Worms in Dogs Symptoms
Signs of worms in dogs include:
• Dull fur coat
• Not enough energy
• Weight loss
• Skin irritation
• Worms in stool, vomit or fur
• Scooting (rubbing its genitals on the ground)
If any of the worms in dogs symptoms occurs be sure to consult your vet at all cost in order to avoid any further damage to the dogs internal organs before it’s too late as heavy number of worms inside the dog can result in some serious health issues and even death. Ask the vet to prescribe any worm and flea prevention medication if it need be.
Can Humans Get Worms from Dogs
Such parasitic worms can also infect humans if contracted from contaminated feces or soil and ingested by adults or children and even when an infected pet dog licks the human as dogs tend to eat their feces occasionally. Once infection occurs the parasitic worms can cause some very severe damage to various organs inside its human host such as lungs, eyes, heart and brain. Neurological signs might start to appear in the infected human host due to worms being present or trying to make their way in to the brain.
Worms in Dogs Treatment
Worms in dog’s treatment is possible and there are various medicines you’re treating vet can prescribe in order to treat the infected dog successfully. Few worms in dogs medicine that the vet may prescribe are as follows:
Piperazine simply paralyzes the worms so all the worms present can pass through the stool. It is prescribed for the treatment of pinworms and common round worms. (Please consult your treating physician before taking poperazine).
Fenbendazole is used to treat intestinal parasites such as common tapeworms, hookworms, whipworms and roundworms in pets. (Please consult your veterinarian).
Milbemycin oxime is a prescription drug and is used to treat various parasitic worm infections in cats and dogs such as roundworms, hookworms and whipworms. (Please consult your veterinarian).
Pyrantel is an anti-worm drug used for treating parasitic worm infection such as hookworms and roundworms infection as it interferes with the worms process of multiplying inside the host. (Please consult your veterinarian).
Moxidectin is a also an anti worms medication used specifically in animals in order to control various parasitic intestinal worms infections and heartworm infection. (Please consult your veterinarian).