What is Malaria?
Malaria is usually found in the tropical reigns, It is where the parasite can survive. When an infected Anopheles mosquito bites a person it transmits a Plasmodium parasite into the bloodstream of the victim thus this life threatening illness malaria occurs. Also see Mosquito Lifespan Types and Diseases Spread by Mosquitoes
This deadly parasite when inside the hosts body the parasite makes its way straight to the liver of the infected, it is there the parasite matures and after 10 to 5 days the adult parasitic killer enters the bloodstream of its prey once more and it begins its killing frenzy by infecting the red blood cells of its host and within 2 to 3 days the infected red blood cells explodes due to the malaria parasite inside it started to multiply.
The malaria parasite continues this killing cycle that can lasts up to 3 days. Prevention of malaria should be considered even before the victim is bitten by this deadly killer.
Malaria can be found in almost every tropical subtropical reign more than half of the earth’s population is at risk of malaria. It can be found in the Central America, South America, and areas of Asia, Africa, some parts of the Middle East, Haiti and Dominican Republic. India has 24 million cases of malaria every year but most the cases of malaria and deaths related to malaria occurred in the sub-Saharan Africa.
When infected initially the host will experience cold, high fever, body aches, and extreme fatigue with flu like symptoms along with headaches, shaking chills, sweating, weakness, vomiting and nausea.
How to Stop Malaria – How to Control Malaria
In order to stop malaria or fight against malaria the parasite must first be identified as identification of the parasite is very important in prevention of malaria and this can be done with a malaria blood test by examining the infected patients blood under a microscope before this is done the specimen is stained in order to make the parasite appear distinctive.
Malaria medication is a crucial part in prevention of malaria, but it must only be prescribed by your consulting physician so please consult your treating physician although the most common ant malarial drugs used worldwide are mentioned below:
It is an anti malarial drug that is widely used to treat malaria and babesiosis. Quinine is toxic to the Plasmodium (malaria parasite) due to it interfering with the parasite’s ability to dissolve and metabolize hemoglobin.
Mefloquine is also highly recommended drug used to treat and prevent malaria. Except for those where parasites might have developed resistance to Mefloquine. It is useful for the prevention of malaria in almost all areas.
Hydroxychloroquine is mostly used for chloroquine-sensitive malaria, treatment of lupus, porphyria cutanea tarda and rheumatoid arthritis.
Chloroquine treats abd prevents malaria only in areas where malaria is sensitive to Chloroquine. As some types of malaria requires additional medications in order to cure the patient successfully.
If you wish to find out how this deadly parasite got where it is today, be sure to check “The Making of a Tropical Disease: A Short History of Malaria”