A person can be infected by a tick with bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. At the start of the infection, a rash starts to develop and can leave without a person receiving or getting treatment. As time goes on a person is infected by Lyme disease and may incur joint problems, nervous system and the cardiac system. The disease can only be transmitted through bites of ticks on a specific kind, thus resulting in babesiosis.
LYME DISEASE LIFE CYCLE
Two years are required by the ixodes to complete its life cycle. Ticks always lay their eggs in spring and they actually hatch in the summer. The larvae preys on mice, small animals and birds for survival. The larvae my contact Lyme disease when they feed on these small animals and when they get infected, it continues living that way for its whole life. It is then able to infect other host with the bacteria through praying on them. And after this feeding process, the larvae become dormant till the next spring.
LYME DISEASE INFECTION IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS
Lyme diseases (babesiosis), are caused by bacteria that enter into the human body or animal body through tick bite of an infected blacklegged tick. A mature tick or a young tick bites and holds on the human body or animal body. They always attach themselves in human armpits, groins and scalps and normally stay there for at most thirty six to forty eight hours before producing the bacteria into the human body. A lot of people remove the mature ticks before they produce the bacteria into their bodies. Therefore Lyme infection in people happens because of bites from young ticks that cannot be seen with necked eyes.
LYMES DISEASE SYMPTOMS
There are stages of the symptoms of Lyme disease infection in a human being and the following are the stages and symptoms;
Early Lyme disease or stage one
In this stage a rash normally starts in three to thirty days after infection or a maximum of seven days and this rash is known as Erythema migrans (EM). This rash normally starts as a little red circle that expands to other areas as time goes on. The rash may cause the skin to lose its color in the middle were it occurs and hence creating a circular shaped appearance. The rash comes as a result of tick bite and continues to show in different parts of the body as the bacteria moves. This rash is may not itch and be painful but may feel warm when touched. This rush may not show too much on dark skin.
Stage two of Lyme infection
After four weeks of Lyme infection, the Rash tends to vanish even when the person is not given treatment but then other symptoms show up ,and these include; Increase in rashes, swelling of lymph nodes, feverish feeling, tiresome feeling, getting headache and a stiff neck due to the inflammation of the brain and the spine, severe pain in the tendons , joints, muscles and bones, unusual heart beats, difficulty in breathing and dizziness. These signs may be able to disappear with no treatment in a few weeks’ time or months but the person gets more difficulties as time goes on.
Stage three or final stage of Lyme infection;
In this stage a person incurs problems in settling or focusing, a person may also find it difficult to sleep and to see properly. In this stage a person may lose his or her memories, feel numb, pain, experience unusual heart beats and get paralyzed in the muscles.
Different antibiotic are given for Lyme disease infection are normally given through the mouth and may be given differently according to the measure of the infection. If a person is treated with antibiotics in the early stages of Lyme infection, there is a speedy and complete healing. In case a person with arthritis and neurological conditions is in later stages, he/she is treated with intravenous antibiotics, or antibiotics injection. Patients may continue to test positive even when the treatment is complete and this does not imply that they still have Lyme disease. Pregnant women with Lyme disease will get a different treatment due to the sensitivity of the medicine to them and their unborn babies. Lyme disease does not normally cause a threat to individual’s lives
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